About Willys Vehicles - CJ-3A Universal

CJ-3A
History - (1949-1953) Willys CJ-3A "Universal"
CJ-3A Production Total: 131,843

Illustration - CJ3A

CJ-3A Illustration

Willys-Overland introduced the CJ-3A model in 1949 to replace the CJ-2A, possibly due to a “slump” in CJ-2A sales, bringing with it a few reasonable minor interior updates with regard to comfort and drivability. The CJ-3A was part of the Universal CJ series, a model intended for agricultural and industrial applications in the civilian market, an area in which Willys-Overland felt it would be a good fit, as the CJ employed the same “utilitarian” features that gave the MB model great success in WWII. Even so, Willys-Overland realized the value of driver comfort, even in a “work” vehicles such as the CJ. Updates in the new CJ-3A, while relatively minor, included increased leg room, leakproof connection features for the canvas top and front side of each door, thicker cushions and more headroom, and the addition of 2-3/8” to the overall height (with windshield up). The rear wheel well was shortened and the driver’s seat was moved toward the rear of the vehicle, shortening the deck.

A one-piece windshield was also introduced, with an improved vacuum-type windshield wiper for greater road visibility, and a windshield ventilator for the circulation of fresh air. The suspension was a notable improvement, as the vehicle was still being used for various agricultural applications. The marketing of this model was mostly done solely within the farm journals, as internally, Willys-Overland hotly debated the idea of entering the passenger car market, which was largely dominated at the time by Ford and GM. As these debates continued to rage, in 1953, the CJ-3B model was introduced, overshadowing the last few months of CJ-3A production (which were simultaneous with the production of the first CJ-3Bs). With the CJ-3B came several distinct updates to the CJ series, including the new F-Head Hurricane Engine and a higher hood…

More Useful Information about the CJ-3A:
CJ-3A Data Sheet 1- Document provided courtesy of Michael Scoggins
CJ-3A Data Sheet 2- Document provided courtesy of Michael Scoggins
Gulf Service Sheet (1945-1964)- Document provided courtesy of Michael Scoggins
Jeep Dipstick Guide- Document provided courtesy of Michael Scoggins

(Read more about the Universal CJ Series - See CJ-3B History)
CJ-3A Photos
Mike Montgomery - 1949 Willys CJ-3A

Mike Montgomery-1949 CJ-3A

Kindra Beck - 1950 Willys CJ-3A

Kindra Beck -1950 CJ-3A

Rob Alkyer - 1951 Willys CJ-3A

Rob Alkyer -1951 CJ-3A

Brad Cooper - 1952 Willys CJ-3A

Brad Cooper -1952 CJ-3A

Nate Bolduc - 1953 Willys CJ-3A

Nate Bolduc -1953 CJ-3A

For more photos of these and other Willys Jeep Models, visit our Willys Jeep Blog Customer Photo Album!
CJ-3A Specs
Weight:
(Gross):
3500 lb (1,587,5 kg.)
(Shipping): 2100 lb. (957,1 kg.)
(Curb): 2205 lb. (1000,2 kg.)
Length (overall): 129 3/4” (3,29 m.)
Width (overall): 68 24/32” (174,7 cm.)
Height (overall): 66 3/4” (170 cm.)
Ground Clearance: 8 3/4” (22,2 cm.)
Tread (front and rear): 48 1/4” (122,5 cm.)
Fuel Capacity: 10 1/2 Gal. (40 ltr.)
Transmission: T-90
Transfer Case: Dana 18
Front Axle: Dana 25
Rear Axle: Dana 44
Wheelbase: 80” (203 cm.)
Other: 1 Piece Windshield with center vent, Tailgate
Engine: 4-134 L Head Motor (All Years)
Engine Type: L4-134 “Go-Devil”
Number of Cylinders: 4
Cubic-In. Displacement: 134.22 CID (2199.53 cc)
Horsepower: 60 hp (45 kW) @ 4000 rpm
Torque: 105 ft-lbf (142 N-m) @2000 rpm
Compression Ratio: 6:48:1
Valvetrain: L-head

CJ-3A Paint Colors
Paint Colors Offered by Willys-Overland in 1949*
Willys Paint Color - Autumn Brown Poly

Autumn Brown Poly
DQE-20305-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Black

Black
DQE-9000-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Clear Maple

Clear Maple
DQE-20243-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Emerald Green

Emerald Green
DQE-40530-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - FIesta Yellow

Fiesta Yellow
DQE-80365-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Harbor Blue Poly

Harbor Blue Poly
DQE-10083-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Luzon Red

Luzon Red
DQE-70028-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Mahogany Brown

Mahogany Brown
DQE-20422-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Michigan Yellow

Michigan Yellow
DQE-80232-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Normandy Blue

Normandy Blue
DQE-10277-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Pacific Blue Poly

Pacific Blue Poly
DQE-10516-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Pine Green Poly

Pine Green Poly
DQE-40414-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Potomac Gray

Potomac Gray
DQE-30604-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Shasta Green

Shasta Green
DQE-40603-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Sportsmans Green Poly

Sportsmans Green Poly
DQE-40642-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Tunisian Red

Tunisian Red
DQE-50127-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Universal Beige

Universal Beige
DQE-80364-DAL*



Paint Colors Offered by Willys-Overland from 1950-1951*
Willys Paint Color - Beach Sand

Beach Sand
DQE-20664-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Bermuda Blue

Bermuda Blue
DQE-10432-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Black

Black
DQE-9000-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Campus Red

Campus Red
DQE-70342-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Canyon Glow

Canyon Glow
DQE-50232-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Cherokee Red Poly

Cherokee Red Poly
DQE-50258-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Chesapeake Gray

Chesapeake Gray
DQE-30746-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Copper Bronze Poly

Copper Bronze Poly
DQE-20699-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Cyprus Green Poly

Cyprus Green Poly
DQE-40978-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Desert Beige

Desert Beige
DQE-20202-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Hampshire Green Poly

Hampshire Green Poly
DQE-40579-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Horizon Blue

Horizon Blue

Willys Paint Color - Mediterranean Blue Poly

Mediterranean Blue Poly
DQE-10450-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Midnight Cloud Poly

Midnight Cloud Poly
DQE-30382-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Nassau Cream

Nassau Cream
DQE-90486-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Shadow Gray Poly

Shadow Gray Poly
DQE-30293-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Surf Gray Poly

Surf Gray Poly
DQE-30639-DAL*



Paint Colors Offered by Willys-Overland in 1952*
Willys Paint Color - Bamboo Ivory

Bamboo Ivory
DQE-80198-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Black

Black
DQE-9000-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Duchess Gray Poly

Duchess Gray
DQE-30370-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Hatteras Green Gray

Hatteras Green Gray
DQE-30301-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Inverness Green Poly

Inverness Green Poly
DQE-40400-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Oxford Gray Poly

Oxford Gray Poly
DQE-31019-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Riviera Gray

Riviera Gray
DQE-30003-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Smoked Ruby

Smoked Ruby
DQE-50257-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Suntan Poly

Suntan Poly
DQE-20353-DAL*



Paint Colors Offered by Willys-Overland in 1953*
Willys Paint Color - Admiral Blue Poly

Admiral Blue Poly
DQE-10945-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Cadet Gray Poly

Cadet Gray Poly
DQE-31055-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Coronado Sand

Coronado Sand
DQE-89638-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Hermosa Red

Hermosa Red
DQE-70187-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Jasper Green

Jasper Green
DQE-41289-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Pacific Blue

Pacific Blue
DQE-11064-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Princeton Black

Princeton Black
DQE-9000-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Raven Black

Raven Black
DQE-9000-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Saber Rouge

Saber Rouge
DQE-50330-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Swan Gray

Swan Gray
DQE-31046-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Willow Green Poly

Willow Green Poly
DQE-41296-DAL*

Willys Paint Color - Woodstock Green Poly

Woodstock Green Poly
DQE-41290-DAL*



***Kaiser Willys cannot guarantee 100% accuracy of the colors or paint codes presented in this guide. When selecting a color for your vehicle, use the codes above as a starting point or reference, and work with your local paint supplier to find a color that works best for your budget and intent. There are several paint suppliers such as Auto Color Library, or Sherwin Williams, who may be able to cross-reference some of the older paint codes for you to find a more current formula, or if you are able to pull a painted piece off of your restoration project, they may be able to scan the color for you in the store to find a close match.

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